Ant Farm Banner

Sunday, 23 March 2014 04:43

*Types of Ants

Written by

Ants are one of the most successful groups of insects in the animal kingdom. They are of particular interest because they are social insects and form highly organized colonies or nests which sometimes consist of millions of individuals. Colonies of invasive ant species will sometimes work together and form super-colonies, spanning a very wide area of land. Ant colonies are sometimes described as superorganisms because they appear to operate as a single entity.

Ants have colonized almost every landmass on Earth. They can constitute up to 15% of the total animal biomass of a tropical rainforest; in the Amazon the combined weight of the ants is said to be four times larger than that of the tetrapods in the same area. It has also been estimated that the combined weight of all ants exceeds the weight of mankind.

As of 2006, there are 11,880 known ant species, most of which reside in hot climates. We have listed some of the species here, we will continue to add to our database.

Tuesday, 25 March 2014 03:03

Argentine Ant / Linepithema humile

Written by

Argentine ant

The Argentine ant (Linepithema humile, formerly Iridomyrmex humilis) is a tiny dark ant native to northern Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and southern Brazil. The species has been inadvertently introduced by humans to many other areas of the world, such as South Africa, New Zealand, Japan, Easter Island, Australia, Hawaii, Europe, and the United States.

Sunday, 23 March 2014 04:21

Army Ant / Eciton burchellii

Written by

Army Ant

There are over 200 known species of army ant, divided into New World and Old World types. All are members of the true ant family Formicidae.

New World army ants belong to the subfamily Ecitoninae. This subfamily is further broken into two groups, Cheliomyrmex and the Ecitonini.

Tuesday, 25 March 2014 02:59

Atta Laevigata

Written by

Atta Laevigata

Atta laevigata is one of about a dozen species of leafcutter ants in the genus Atta, found from Colombia south to Paraguay. This species is one of the largest leafcutter species, and can be recognized by the smooth and shining head of the largest workers in a colony.

Tuesday, 25 March 2014 01:32

Big Headed Ant / Pheidole megacephala

Written by

Big Headed Ant

Belonging to the Pheidole megacephala Family. The Big Headed Ants gets it's name from...you guessed it, it's big head!

Big headed ants have two sizes of workers -- major workers (soldiers) and minor workers. Major workers have a very large head in proportion to their bodies.

Monday, 24 March 2014 03:21

Black Ants / Monomorium minimum

Written by

Littleblackant

Belonging to the Monomorium minimum family. A very small, black ant closely related to the Pharaoh ant (an indoor pest ant). It nests in soil under rocks, logs or debris. It also builds nests in open areas of soil in lawns. The nests in the ground are small craters of very fine soil.

Tuesday, 25 March 2014 02:01

Bull Ant / Myrmecia gulosa

Written by

Bulldog Ant

Belonging to the Myrmecia and Nothomyrmecia family. The Myrmeciinae is a subfamily of the Formicidae that was once found worldwide but is now restricted to Australia and New Caledonia. The Myrmeciinae comprise two extant genera, Myrmecia and Nothomyrmecia, as well as the fossil genus Prionomyrmex.

Tuesday, 25 March 2014 02:47

Bullet Ant / Paraponera clavata

Written by

Bullet Ant

Paraponera is a genus of ant consisting of a single species, the so-called bullet ant (P. clavata), named on account of its powerful and potent sting, which is said to be as painful as being shot with a bullet. It is called by the locals, "Hormiga Veinticuatro," or "24-hour ant", from 24 hours of pain that follow a stinging.

Sunday, 23 March 2014 04:26

Carpenter Ants / Camponotus

Written by

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants 1/4 inch (6.4mm) for a worker up to 3/4 inch (19.1mm) for a queen. Nesting in damp locations, carpenter ants prefer to excavate wood that has been damaged by water. From their nests in the beams, floors or walls, they scavenge the house for food crumbs and insects.

Monday, 24 March 2014 03:43

Crazy Ant / Paratrechina longicornis

Written by

Crazy Ant

Belonging to the Anoplolepis gracilipes Family. These are small, dark gray to black ants that are easily recognized by their extremely long legs and antennae. Crazy ants get their name from their habit of running about very erratically with no apparent sense of direction.

Sunday, 23 March 2014 04:31

Fire Ants / Solenopsis invicta

Written by

Fire Ant

Belonging to the Solenopsis invicta family fire ants are stinging ants of which there are over 280 species worldwide.
A typical 'fireant colony produces large mounds in open areas, and feeds mostly on young plants and seeds. Fireants often attack small animals and can kill them.

Tuesday, 25 March 2014 02:49

Glider Ant / Cephalotes

Written by

Glider Ant

Gliding ants are arboreal ants of several different genera that are able to control the direction of their descent when falling from a tree in order to land on the trunk before reaching the unfamiliar and potentially hazardous understory.

Monday, 24 March 2014 03:32

Honey Pot Ants / Myrmecocystus mexicanus

Written by

Honeypot Ant

Named Honey Pot because of their huge, swollen abdomens that resembles a pot of honey, but also becuase they commonly feed on juices from bruised or broken fruits and nectar from a wide variety of flowers and from extrafloral glands.

Tuesday, 25 March 2014 01:59

Jack Jumper Ants / Myrmecia pilosula

Written by

Jack Jumper Ants

Belonging to the Myrmecia pilosula family, The jack jumper ant, hopper ant or jumper ant (Myrmecia pilosula) is a species of bulldog ant that is native to Australia. The ants are recorded throughout the country, but are most often found in Tasmania, rural Victoria, New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory and the southeast area of South Australia.

Tuesday, 25 March 2014 01:37

Leaf Cutter Ants / Atta cephalotes

Written by

Leaf Cutter Ant

Leaf cutter ants get their name because they chew off leaves with their mandibles which they take back to their nest and use to make fungi; their main diet.

Member of the Arthropoda Myrmicinae family. Leafcutter ants are social insects found in warmer regions of Central and South America.

Tuesday, 25 March 2014 02:52

Lemon Ant / Myrmelachista schumanni

Written by

Lemon Ant

Myrmelachista schumanni, also known as the lemon ant, is a species of ant that is notable for the creation of Devil's gardens. Using its own herbicide they are able to shape its surroundings.

Leafcutter ants are the principal herbivores in Central and South American rainforests.

Sunday, 23 March 2014 04:33

Pharaoh Ant / Monomorium pharaonis

Written by

Pharaoh Ant

Belonging to the Monomorium pharaonis family. Up to 300,000 workers with multiple queens will nest in wall and cabinet voids, behind baseboards, behind refrigerator insulation, inside hollow curtain rods, or in the folds of sheets, clothes, or paper. They follow plumbing and wiring and have been found in light switches and electrical outlets.

Tuesday, 25 March 2014 01:34

Slave Maker Ants / Myrmoxenus ravouxi

Written by

Slave Maker Ants

Some ants will raid the colonies of other ants, taking the pupae with them, which once hatched act as workers in the raider's colonies despite not being genetically related to the queen. A few species, such as the Amazon ants (e.g. Polyergus rufescens), have become utterly dependent on such slaves, to the point of being otherwise unable to feed themselves.

Tuesday, 25 March 2014 03:06

Thief Ant / Solenopsis molesta

Written by

Thief Ant

Solenopsis molesta, also known as thief ants, get their names because they often raid other ants’ nests for food and to steal eggs. They are also called grease ants because they are attracted to grease.

S. molesta range anywhere from 1/32 (0.5 mm) of an inch to 1/8 (3 mm) of an inch long.

Tuesday, 25 March 2014 01:29

Weaver Ants / Oecophylla smaragdina

Written by

WeaverAnts

Weaver ants get their name from the elaborate nests that they build out of leaves. Weaver ants (genus Oecophylla) are social insects belonging to the ant family, known for their communication and nest building behaviour. They belong to the genus Oecophylla.

Monday, 24 March 2014 03:50

Yellow Citronella Ant / Acanthomyops

Written by

Yellow Citranella

Belonging to the Hymenoptera Acanthomyops Family. The larger yellow ant belongs to the order Hymenoptera, the family Formicidae and the genus Acanthomyops. They are found mostly in New England and the Midwest, but are common coast to coast. These ants are large, ranging from 4 mm to 4.5 mm in length. The workers are pale yellow to yellowish-red, while the winged reproductives are brown.